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    Wednesday, September 2, 2015

    Speed Frame and it's Function

                         Speed Frame and it’s Function

     Speed Frame/Roving Frame/Simplex machine

    The output from the draw frame is fed into the roving frame (also called ‘speed frame or simplex machine or flyer frame‘) where the linear density of sliver is reduced by drafting and the resultant product is called the roving. After the drafting operation, the roving is wound on the bobbin. During winding, a little amount of twist is imparted to the roving.

    Speed Frame


     To draft the drawframe sliver to reduce weight per unit length.

     To insert small amount of twist into the roving.

     To wind twisted roving onto the bobbin.

     Significant of Roving Frame/Why the Draw Sliver is not Direct Used in Ring Machine?

    There are two principle region:

    The first reason is related to the required draft. The draw sliver is to thick, untwist strand that tends to be hairy and to create fly. The draft needed to convert this to a yarn is in the resign of 300-500.The speed frame process minimizes the sliver weight to a suitable size for spinning into yarn and inserting twist, which maintains the integrity I the draft strands. It is impossible to feed the sliver to ring frame for yarn production due to limitation in draft in ring frame. So the fine twisted roving is better to this purpose.

    The second reason is related with transportation and space limitation on ring frame. The draw frame can represent the worst conceivable mode of transport and presentation of feed material to the ring spinning frame.

     Tasks of Speed Frame/Functions of Speed Frame

    The major tasks of the speed frame process are listed as follow

    Creeling: To feed the sliver by the help of several rows of driven rollers to the machine.

    Drafting: to reduce the size of the strand

    Twisting: to impart necessary strength

    Laying: to put the coils on the bobbins

    Winding: to wind successive layers on the bobbin at the proper rate of speed

    Building: to shorten successive layers to make conical ends on the package of roving

    Doffing: To replace an empty bobbin at the place of full bobbin.

    The twisted -roving system


     Creel is the place situated at the back of the machine where the raw material is placed to be fed to the drafting zone.

     Optimum creel tension draft should be selected to control sagging or stretch in drawing sliver.


     Drafting is normally carried out by a draft system with double apron capable of working with entering sliver counts of 0.12-024 Ne and counts of the delivered roving of 0.27—3 Ne.

     The draft given in the roving process will be in the range between 4 and 20 and can work fibers of a length of up to 60 mm.


     It is very important factor which produces strength in the roving and twist is inserted with the help of flyer.

     When flyer rotates, the twist is produce in the sliver.

     Twist level depends upon flyer speed and delivery speed.


     Lay refers to the arrangement of the roving coils wound around the bobbin in any given layer. The closeness of the lay is measured in “coils per inch,” which means the number of roving coils wound around the bobbin per inch parallel to the axis of the bobbin.

     The purpose of the laying operation is to put the successive coils of roving side by side in a uniformly spaced arrangement.

     This regular, uniform arrangement is achieved by making the bobbins move up and down at a uniform rate of speed for each layer.


     Winding is the process by means of which the roving is drawn from the front roll through the flyer and onto the bobbin.

     The rate of winding compared to the rate of delivery at the front roll controls the winding tension. 


     The building motion is controlled by the steady upward and downward movements of the bobbin rail containing the bobbins and spindles.


     It is the optional function of speed frame. Doffing could be done manually or automatically.

    Speed Frame and it's Function
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